Bufferedimage Android

Using Tesseract-OCR to extract text from images - Duration: 11:29. How to load BufferedImage in android. Follow the steps below to extract an image from the existing PDF document-. Drawing in Java JFrame and BufferedImage question (self. First the sample code below shows how to capture your screen and creates a nice. Create a ByteArrayInputStream object by passing the byte array (that is to be converted) to its constructor. ImageIO porting for Android platform. For example, transparent background in PNG is not support in JPEG image file, Google it for more information. The Java InputStream class, java. They are easily used with the newly introduced ImageIO class of Java 1. If * the destination BufferedImage is null, a BufferedImage with an * appropriate ColorModel is created. Chaining the assignment operator is possible in order to assign a single value to multiple variables. Its not a fast method call but the code is small and only depends on BufferedImage and Graphics2D classes. i searched for the errors i got and tried setting everything up as described in this forum answers but still no luck. BlockedNumbers; Browser; CalendarContract; CalendarContract. Unresolved inclusion in OpenCV+Android tutorial Area of a single pixel object in OpenCV build problems for android_binary_package - Eclipse Indigo, Ubuntu 12. public String getHash(InputStream is) throws Exception { BufferedImage img = ImageIO. I've been trying to develop a simple facial recognition class that would take 2 bitmap images (taken from the android camera) and compare them using a local binary pattern recognition algorithm. com for people who want to become Android developers by learning from example. BufferedImage destImg = Scalr. Today I’m going to publish my brand new Android application called “Sinhala Unicode”. It does however go a little beyond that too, allowing you to measure distances and angles, create density histograms and also line profile plots. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. TYPE_INT_RGB ); // bufferedImage is the RenderedImage to be written. Here’s a Java example to convert a PNG file with transparent background, to a JPEG image with white background. Alternatively, compare two bitmaps as defined in basic bitmap storage. Histogram Equalisation in Java: 2 License This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL). setVisible( boolean ) controls whether a Component and its children are displayed on the screen. 9) We convert the frame to BufferedImage using the convert method 10) We write the grabbed image to local disk using ImageIO. It is used to handle and manipulate the image data. Convert java. How do I create an Array of Images Hi, I'm creating a program that basically is a slideshow. Today I was asked by a family member if I could help. ImageIO” is a handy class to read and write image into local system. BMP are available in public Aspose. Using Tesseract-OCR to extract text from images - Duration: 11:29. Image to binary data in java Today i learn a new thing. How to get pixel values of an image and how to set pixel value of an image in Java programming language. java format. *; import java. What is Struts2? The struts 2 framework is an elegant and extensible framework for creating MVC-based web application initially created by Craig McClanahan and donated to Apache Foundation in May, 2000 and Struts 1. awt's BufferedImage class, which for us Java folks would be a nice discussion - Pedantic Nov 29 '11 at 6:43 Well if this is a discussion it doesn't belong here as that violates posting policies. The number and types of bands in the SampleModel of the Raster must match the number and types required by the ColorModel to represent its color and alpha components. Make your images look and perform their best on Android using various APIs for bitmaps, drawables, and other types of graphics. The tiles render fine from a spritesheet and a text file. I left a comment in the code where I used to create an ImageIcon from the BufferedImage, but in the end the code is a little more flexible when I return the BufferedImage: /* * Take a snapshot of the screen using the Java Robot class. Making White Image Backgrounds Transparent with Java 2D/Groovy I occasionally need to convert the background color of a particular image to be transparent so that the image looks better on medium with backgrounds of colors other than the image's original background color. The constructor just uses ImageIO to read the image (. The ImageIO class has a lot of convenience methods. BufferedImage 子类描述具有可访问图像数据缓冲区的 Image。BufferedImage 由图像数据的 ColorModel 和 Raster 组成。 buffered 被缓存 image 图像 bufferedImage 被缓存的图像 BufferedImage是按照图像的方式访问图像,比如包含了颜色、光栅等. Converting a Buffered Image (BufferedImage) from an Image: 9. Since im4java is a wrapper libary, you should also make sure that you comply to the individual license-statements of all the tools you use indirectly through im4java. * Return the screen shot as an Image (BufferedImage). Once images are available as BufferedImage objects, they can easily be modified before saving using Java Graphics2D. All BufferedImage objects have an upper left corner coordinate of (0, 0). Hi to all, It is my first time here,so I hope to be patient with me,and sorry if my english is not so good. png, 4kb Run below code. The scale operation is anti-aliased. We originally used ImageIO and JAI in our software but it didn’t meet our needs and so we created JDeli as a complete ImageIO replacement. One tab is to apply different filters and other is to control the image adjustments like brightness, contrast and saturation. Convert java. TYPE_3BYTE_BGR占3个字节的像素的格式,最高位是符号位,转换时候需要考虑最高位为1后就得用负数表示。. php(143) : runtime-created function(1) : eval()'d code(156) : runtime-created. For example, the user might create a BufferedImage but the system may have no video memory left for creating an image of that size on the given GraphicsConfiguration, so although the object may be acceleratable in general, it does not have that capability on this GraphicsConfiguration. Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. I need my android app to recognize BufferedImage and I am using Android Studio. BufferedImage Como eu importo esse metudo no java android Quero formata esse codigo ja que ele nao e so java DevMedia - Plataforma para Programadores Guia de estudo Ver todos JavaScript HTML e CSS Node. I tried to install. Change contrast in Java BufferedImage I need to change the contrast (and maybe the brightness) of an image in Java. xmlにpermission追加 これだ…. Just use the read method of the Java ImageIO class, and you can open/read images in a variety of formats (GIF, JPG, PNG) in basically one line of Java code. It would mean wrapping the Android Bitmap and AWT Image/BufferedImage references with a generic image interface. Image stitching refers to combining two or more overlapping images together into a single large image. Hi guys! Am developing a remote desktop administration tool for the android and want. Reduce size. This is a method to create BufferedImage to store image of JPanel and Its content. Je suis nouveau sur le forum et je ne suis pas programmeur java de formation. I manage to save my BufferedImage into mysql db as BLOP with the help of ByteArrayOutputStream. FileNameExtensionFilter; public. The File class in the Java IO API gives you access to the underlying file system. I'm developing an application using Java Opencv-2. convertToIntDiscrete(Raster raster, boolean forceARGB) 返回一个 TYPE_INT_ARGB 或 TYPE_INT_RGB 的新 BufferedImage,其 Raster 的像素数据是通过使用此 ColorModel 的颜色/alpha 分量数组扩展源 Raster 中的各索引来计算的。. 4环境下,BufferedImage的正确运行依赖于linux的so文件. This is my actual sheet: You can see it is actually transparent, I used BufferedImage and getSubimage() to render it on screen, but all I get is this:. nnet extension. I am trying to resized a bufferedimage. This is simple method to convert BufferedImage to Image in Java. We will detect two types of collisions: when the missile hits an alien ship and when our spacecraft collides with an alien. Say we need to concatenate following four image chunks. It is assumed that you have completed the projects titled How to read and write image file in Java and How to get and set pixel value in Java before starting this project. Java graphics programming. In this example, we show you how to use “ImageIO” to read an image from an URL and write it into three file formats :. In this solution, we will do this with a BufferedImage. You can't use BufferedImage because, like you said, javax. This is simple method to convert BufferedImage to Image in Java. Then for the Android version, you implement the interface using a Bitmap object, and for the desktop version, you implement the interface with a BufferedImage. Icon Retriever-WorldWind Java/NASA WorldWind. BufferedImage bufferedImage = new BufferedImage (temp. One way to tell if a page is empty in a PDF document is to look at the number of drawing commands on the page. by MemoryNotFound · Published October 27, 2017 · Updated October 27, 2017. The following are top voted examples for showing how to use org. Training Neural Network for Image Recognition with Neuroph Studio. byte配列からBufferedImageを生成する方法について、色々調べたのですが、どうもいい感じの方法がなかったので、さらに調べて自分で書いたりした方法を書きます。. Open a new file and name it MyImage. ImageIO porting for Android platform. More specifically, I typically need to convert an image with a white background to have a. Here's a Java example to. What is Struts2? The struts 2 framework is an elegant and extensible framework for creating MVC-based web application initially created by Craig McClanahan and donated to Apache Foundation in May, 2000 and Struts 1. device/aaeon/upboard device/amlogic/yukawa Bug: 122486287. i am trying to use robot. Java image FAQ: How do I crop an image in Java? To crop an image in Java, just use the Java BufferedImage class, specifically the getSubimage method of the BufferedImage class. Best way to convert In-Memory bitmap to BufferedImage. In this article I will show you how to read PNG files in Java. jcodec - a pure java implementation of video/audio codecs. this video descibe how to create Barcode Scanning Apps in Android , Barcode Overview How to create Barcode Scanning Apps using Zebra Crossing library , How to design activity_main. Bitmap) No explicit memory deallocation required Supported on multiple platforms including Windows, Linux, Mac OS X, and Android. java format. I manage to save my BufferedImage into mysql db as BLOP with the help of ByteArrayOutputStream. Generate custom QRCode with logo image using zxing. Java QR code generator, zxing example, open source API to generate QR code in java program, zxing QR code generator example, dynamic QR code, google charts JournalDev Java, Java EE, Android, Python, Web Development Tutorials. This class is the most efficient way to uses multiple keys to map to a va. How do I convert an image from RenderedImage to BufferedImage? clemens privacy. bitmap sans passer par l'écriture d'une image sur disque (ou carte) car je voudrais créer une librairie LATEX pour Basic4android à partir de l. In this article I will show you how to read PNG files in Java. awt/java/awt/image/AffineTransformOp. At heart is it a pure Java library for decoding barcodes (the core/ and javase/ modules). How to Split an Image into Chunks - Java ImageIO Image splitting and concatenating and other image manipulation techniques are important in parallel computing. KODETR 13,473 views. It is therefore more efficient to work directly with BufferedImage. googlesource. Image to BufferedImage i also created a blog called dev-androidapps. BufferedImage 我来答. I am new to image processing operations using java. Reset will disregard the state of any objects already written to the stream. imageio package. GitHub上史上最全的Android开源项目分类汇总. Robot class is used to take the control of mouse and keyboard. gradle(app) にrepositoriesとdependenciesを書き足す AndroidManifest. Example to store image in Oracle database. New and updated signatures are regularly added to PRONOM,. In this tip, we learn how to convert Mat to BufferedImage and vice versa Introduction In this tip, we see how to do the conversion between Mat and BufferedImage. height, BufferedImage. In other words, you can read data from a Java InputStream as an ordered sequence of bytes. write 11) Assume we dont want all frames and only want to capture (All frames/2) then we keep frameJump to 2 so that ii always gets incremented by 2 and saving only half of actual images. setVisible. Writes a portion of an array of characters. If the scale and label share a common variable, the label will automatically update. The Graphics class contain methods which are used for displaying graphics. This image data is stored in the orImage, BufferedImage object variable. Androidのカメラを使用したかったのでサンプルプログラムを書いてみた. ついでに,取得した画像をPCにソケットで転送しPCのディスプレイ上で表示した. 以下,プログラム. カメラ画像の取得については,↓のサイトを参考にした. Androidメモ. The BufferedImage subclass describes an java. There has been couple of comments on the posts around the Mat and BufferedImage classes (see here). The ViewPager class built in to the Android SDK is a simple method of showing an animated transition between two views. I chose a 'comic styled' video clip in the expectation that its stylization would be favourable to the algorithm. For what I'm doing, I need to be able to draw a buffered image directly into a larger buffered image. In this tip, we learn how to convert Mat to BufferedImage and vice versa Introduction In this tip, we see how to do the conversion between Mat and BufferedImage. Today I was asked by a family member if I could help. Hello, I'm trying to create a qrcode scanner for Android but it doesn't work. All BufferedImage objects have an upper left corner coordinate of (0, 0). We will detect two types of collisions: when the missile hits an alien ship and when our spacecraft collides with an alien. The short video below was created during the testing and optimization of this implementation. ImageIO porting for Android platform. In this part of the Java 2D tutorial, we create some basic and more advanced shapes. ColorSpace;. sce Manually create GUI application of Hello World on Implement vertical label by calling setRotate() of Implement javafx. When the BufferedInputStream is created, an internal buffer array is created. Conversion to and from platform specific image formats (e. BufferedImage (java. Converting a Buffered Image (BufferedImage) from an Image: 9. Get free computer help and support. Say we are receiving small chunks of an Image which is being manipulated parallely. Limitations of Aspose. I am new to image processing operations using java. prpt" extension. h Windows 10. Processing Forum Recent Topics. Translating a Buffered Image: 13. Code samples below. Xml file for the. Mi actividad puede obtener la ubicación de la imagen, pero no puedo usar la clase BufferedImage y la clase ImageIO en mi aplicación. If the buffered image supports transparency: 8. 11, released today. Java BufferedImage class is a subclass of Image class. FileChannel class instead (you can use both, but in case you want a pure Java NIO solution). In the next code example, we will expand the previous example. In this article I will show you how to read PNG files in Java. Here's a sample Java class that demonstrates how to read an image file. 9) We convert the frame to BufferedImage using the convert method 10) We write the grabbed image to local disk using ImageIO. A BufferedImage is made of ColorModel of image data. The Bitmap class, however, does support getting individual pixels using the getPixel() and getPixels() methods so you should be able to use those to do any type of image transform you want to do. We use Java class ByteArrayOutputStream, which can be found under java. png, 4kb Run below code. This class is the most efficient way to uses multiple keys to map to a va. It has buttons that allow the user to switch from image to image, and has. These examples are extracted from open source projects. In this part of the Java games tutorial, we create a Java Puzzle game clone. Ik ben op zoek naar de snelste manier om een pixel van gegevens (int de vorm int[][]) van een BufferedImage. The short video below was created during the testing and optimization of this implementation. NoClassDefFoundError: Could not initialize class java. android如何从JPEG生成BufferedImage 落鹤生 发布于 2012-03-27 09:50 点击: 次 利用JPEGImageDecoder的decodeAsBufferedImage从JPEG生成BufferedImage。. marcada como duplicata por ramaral android 18/10/18 às 13:05. The network will be saved as seralized MultiLayerPerceptron object. AI completions for your Java IDE Code faster and smarter using code completions learned from millions of programs directly in IntelliJ, Android Studio or Eclipse Get Codota for Java now. TYPE_3BYTE_BGR占3个字节的像素的格式,最高位是符号位,转换时候需要考虑最高位为1后就得用负数表示。. Je suis nouveau sur le forum et je ne suis pas programmeur java de formation. In this solution, we will do this with a BufferedImage. Some conversion is required as follow : BufferedImage originalImage = ImageIO. updated your SDK manager. * Performs a filter operation on the source BufferedImage and stores * the resulting BufferedImage to the destination BufferedImage. This is an additional post of Upload and display image from MySQL db using PrimeFaces. How to Split an Image into Chunks - Java ImageIO Image splitting and concatenating and other image manipulation techniques are important in parallel computing. You can display various graphics including lines, rectangles, ovals, and images in Java programs. How to boost android canvas performance with a buffered Image January 7, 2013 / Jan Rabe / 2 Comments When it comes to drawing to canvas on android one very big performance boost can be gained by using a buffered bitmap image. Capture a Image Using Web Cam (Internal/external) with Java. One opportunity involves building a screen-capture utility. Android bitmap to bufferedimage. Code for drawing BufferedImage on a JPanel « Posted 2008-06-10 22:02:20 » I'm literally been looking around for this and reading tutorials for hours, nearly all day and I haven't been able to find exactly what I'm looking for. yellow); biG. Its syntax is given below − Its syntax is given below − File input = new File("digital_image_processing. Let us see how to upload an image to a webserver. Android > image process > convert image to byte array, convert byte array to image. by MemoryNotFound · Published October 27, 2017 · Updated October 27, 2017. write 11) Assume we dont want all frames and only want to capture (All frames/2) then we keep frameJump to 2 so that ii always gets incremented by 2 and saving only half of actual images. 0 was released in June 2001. Je suis nouveau sur le forum et je ne suis pas programmeur java de formation. Hello, I'm trying to create a qrcode scanner for Android but it doesn't work. The program allows you to answers up to 10 Java questions. But when i was retrive the image from database and display in jsp page, it will not working well. createImage(bi. Contribute to kshoji/ImageIO-for-Android development by creating an account on GitHub. So, the example programs you show here are not going to even compile (never mind link) with the as-shipped latest version of leJOS NXJ. Hey folks, I’m not sure whether this is a 2. Creating windows and capturing webcam with Java and OpenCV As we saw here , we can load a picture and display it, all in java. Scaling a Buffered Image: 11. Because you didn't explicitly specify which texture unit to use,. Using Tesseract-OCR to extract text from images - Duration: 11:29. Now I talk about how to do that. Je suis nouveau sur le forum et je ne suis pas programmeur java de formation. This class is the most efficient way to uses multiple keys to map to a va. The filter types are. com or visit our knowledge base. BufferedImage等がimportできずBufferedImageが使えない状態です. java. The ByteArrayOutputStream object is constructed so it is ready to accept the image dat. About the Author: Nam Ha Minh is certified Java programmer (SCJP and SCWCD). In our game we will make the ball bounce on the racquet. I want to display image for android device. One way to tell if a page is empty in a PDF document is to look at the number of drawing commands on the page. The network will be saved as seralized MultiLayerPerceptron object. 山洼之神 方案一:在AndroidManifest. Prerequisite. private static BufferedImage read24BitBitmap(int nSizeImage, int nHeight, int nWidth, InputStream input) throws IOException. If there is zero command then the page is perfectly empty, which usually means it was programmatically generated to be blank. Change contrast in Java BufferedImage I need to change the contrast (and maybe the brightness) of an image in Java. For example, there is not necessarily a one-to-one correspondence between samples obtained from the SampleModel of a BufferedImage object's Raster and color/alpha components. source code for image comparison: import java. Texture units are references to texture objects that can be sampled in a shader. MyException. com/public/qlqub/q15. 怎么在android中使用j2ee中的BufferedImage类呢? 我来答. wav 재생 자바 강좌 ( api ) 9. BufferedImage tile = // Create an image new BufferedImage(50, 50, BufferedImage. Robot class to capture the screen pixels and returns a BufferedImage. How do I create an Array of Images Hi, I'm creating a program that basically is a slideshow. Android Studio Tutorial - Text Recognition by Camera using Google Vision OCR capability that works with most Android devices and won't increase the size of your app. – Constructor takes a BufferedImage and a Rectangle2D, maps the image to the rectangle, then tiles the rectangle. Android Studio or Eclipse. awt's BufferedImage class, which for us Java folks would be a nice discussion - Pedantic Nov 29 '11 at 6:43 Well if this is a discussion it doesn't belong here as that violates posting policies. The MultiFormatReader is a convenience class and will attempt to decode all barcode formats that the library supports. The algorithm used to convert from pixel values to color and alpha components varies by subclass. package com. import java. Mi actividad puede obtener la ubicación de la imagen, pero no puedo usar la clase BufferedImage y la clase ImageIO en mi aplicación. Cross-Platform C++, Python and Java interfaces support Linux, MacOS, Windows, iOS, and Android. BufferedImage src, float sX, float sY) Scaled a buffered image by the two scale parameters. Some conversion is required as follow : BufferedImage originalImage = ImageIO. read(input); //convert Buffered Image to Mat. jpg")); ByteArrayOutputStream baos = new ByteArrayOutputStream. It says that BufferedImage cannot be resolved to a type anytime it appears. At heart is it a pure Java library for decoding barcodes (the core/ and javase/ modules). updated your SDK manager. I am new to java and I am not sure how to fix this. Creating a buffered image using Component. Basic shapes. Hi everyone, i'm trying to capture webcam video, filter it and show it in a Jpanel, but i don't find information about it. One tab is to apply different filters and other is to control the image adjustments like brightness, contrast and saturation. Words for Android via Java API, but UnsupportedOperationException is thrown when these save formats are used. width, input. You can't use BufferedImage because, like you said, javax. There has been couple of comments on the posts around the Mat and BufferedImage classes (see here). If not the method returns null, what it will be in your case. This example by Daniel Baggio was taken directly from this StackExchange answer, but has been reposted for visibility. Getting and Setting Pixels in a Buffered Image: 10. We use Java class ByteArrayOutputStream, which can be found under java. Download the Android app. Please expect some quality loss when convert image file from PNG to JPEG, because both are different format, some effects in PNG may not exist in JPEG image file. The Graphics class lets a component draw on itself. Convert an image to a PDF using iText library for java - Img2PDFConverter. java format. public Image bufferedImagetoImage(BufferedImage bi) { return Toolkit. You can find an example of decoding Bitmap from Android in androidtest/ You can find an example of decoding raw byte[] in android/ -- see DecodeThread. public BufferedImage(ColorModel cm, WritableRaster raster, boolean isRasterPremultiplied, Hashtable properties) Constructs a new BufferedImage with a given ColorModel and Raster. Drawing on a Buffered Image: 16. For a project of mine, which is targeting java 6, I had been in the need to have different algorithms/methods to change a BufferdImage with a ColorSpace. I've searched around a little and still have failed to find a better way, but my current way is extremely inefficient and I would like a better way if it's possible. Building Instagram Like Interface. */ public static void fitCannyEdges (GrayF32 input) {BufferedImage displayImage = new BufferedImage (input. This program will help you convert a base64 string to an image and then save the image to the current directory using Java. public BufferedImage(int width, int height, int imageType, IndexColorModel cm) Constructs a BufferedImage of one of the predefined image types: TYPE_BYTE_BINARY or TYPE_BYTE_INDEXED. The data should be stored in a BufferedImage for future use. BufferedImage; the compiler claimed it was not a class. Since BufferedImage is a subclass of Image it can be rendered by the Graphics and Graphics2D methods that accept an Image parameter. Another one is to use the libpng to read and write png files, computing anything necessary in the middle. The state is reset to be the same as a new ObjectOutputStream. Image with an accessible buffer of image data. To save the neural network as Java component click [Main menu > File > Save] and use the. Of course our mobile devices got access to some of these APIs first, but those APIs are slowly making their way to the desktop. We will learn how to store pixel value in a variable. I need my android app to recognize BufferedImage and I am using Android Studio. NoClassDefFoundError: BufferedImage tgtImg =. 4 and swing GUI. a guest Mar 24th, 2012 463 Never Not a member of Pastebin yet? Sign Up, it unlocks many cool features! raw download clone. print *methods are not available. Texture units are references to texture objects that can be sampled in a shader. GitHub is home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together. Drawing on a Buffered Image: 7. Making White Image Backgrounds Transparent with Java 2D/Groovy I occasionally need to convert the background color of a particular image to be transparent so that the image looks better on medium with backgrounds of colors other than the image's original background color. Getting and Setting Pixels in a Buffered Image: 10. TYPE_3BYTE_BGR占3个字节的像素的格式,最高位是符号位,转换时候需要考虑最高位为1后就得用负数表示。. Basic shapes. Words for Java API *Document. This code worked for me while running on Windows 7 (using Eclipse). For a project of mine, which is targeting java 6, I had been in the need to have different algorithms/methods to change a BufferdImage with a ColorSpace. Hi everyone, i'm trying to capture webcam video, filter it and show it in a Jpanel, but i don't find information about it. * * @param src the source BufferedImage. Creating windows and capturing webcam with Java and OpenCV As we saw here , we can load a picture and display it, all in java. 我需要我的Android应用程序识别BufferedImage的,我使用过Android Studio。 我看到有一种方法可以在Eclipse中导入JRE库系统,但在Android Studio中遇到问题。. The default implementation is OS-specific and not very complete. I am using the LWJGL library in Java, so if there are some library-specific. Additionally, it can return the image of any page in the document to the host Java application as a BufferedImage for further processing or to save in different formats. The program allows you to answers up to 10 Java questions. 자바 강좌 ( api ) 12. * Like Average Hash, pHash starts with a small image. googlesource. Apache Commons Imaging, previously known as Apache Commons Sanselan, is a library that reads and writes a variety of image formats, including fast parsing of image info (size, color space, ICC profile, etc. This is the list of frequently asked questions for jPDFViewer. 我在Android编程定义BufferedImage对象时提示:BufferedImage cannot be resolved to a type为什么不识别这个类啊,该怎么做啊, 展开 我来答 可选中1个或多个下面的关键词,搜索相关资料。. 파일 입출력 자바 강좌 ( api ) 8. wav 재생 자바 강좌 ( api ) 9. Java で byte 型配列に格納した画像データの情報に対して、幅や高さを調べたり、少し手を加えたりする目的でいったん BufferedImage 型に変換したり、その逆の変換を行う機会があったので、その時の作業メモです。. Xml file for the.